Science Practice 2: The student can use mathematics appropriately.
The student can routinely use mathematics to solve problems, analyze experimental data, describe natural phenomena, make predictions,
and describe processes symbolically. The student also can justify the selection of a particular mathematical routine and apply the routine to describe natural phenomena. The student is able to estimate the answers to quantitative questions using simplifying assumptions and to use
this information to help describe and understand natural phenomena. Examples of the use of mathematics in biology include, but are not
limited to, the use of Chi-square in analyzing observed versus predicted inherited patterns; determination of mean and median; use of the Hardy- Weinberg equation to predict changes in gene frequencies in a population; measurements of concentration gradients and osmotic potential; and determination of the rates of chemical reactions, processes and solute concentrations. The student is able to measure and collect experimental data with respect to volume, size, mass, temperature, pH, etc. In addition, the student can estimate energy procurement and utilization in biological systems, including ecosystems.
- 2.1 The student can justify the selection of a mathematical routine to solve problems.
- 2.2 The student can apply mathematical routines to quantities that describe natural phenomena.
- 2.3 The student can estimate numerically quantities that describe natural phenomena.